New research confirms that fishermen continue to be losers in the traditional fish marketing system in which middlemen still hold the sway, pocketing between 24 and 32 per cent of the consumer price. The money earned by middlemen, as percentage of consumer price, varies depending on the type of fish. Marketing margin for seer fish is 28 per cent; it is 24 per cent for tuna; 29 per cent for pomfret; 26 per cent for mullet; 30 per cent for mackerel and 32 per cent for oil sardine. The price spread — the difference between the actual price received by fishermen for their catch and the price paid by consumers — vary widely, research by scientists at the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) showed. More